Archive for the ‘Plant shows’ Category

Next week I’m off to Philadelphia for a few days.  I’ll be speaking at a symposium at the UPenn School of Design, called Foreign Trends on American Soil. It promises to be a fascinating look at the many influences on landscape design in the US. My paper will compare Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris with its American interpretation at Mount Auburn in Massachusetts.  And I’m looking forward to attending a related lecture by Blanche Linden at UPenn on preservation problems in historic rural cemeteries, and to visiting the gardens of fellow blogger and shade plant specialist Carolyn Walker.

Sadly I’ll just miss the Philadelphia Flower Show, which is happening this week. Its theme this year is “Springtime in Paris.” Philadelphia is a city with strong historical, political and cultural links to the French capital; it would have been fascinating to see how exhibitors are interpreting the topic.

Instead, I shall console myself with a few photos taken this morning in parc Monceau of, well, springtime in Paris.

corylopsis ?paucifoliaPhotinia leavesForsythiaMagnolia budsCherry blossom

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When Louis XIV decided in 1678 that he wanted a potager (kitchen garden) near his palace in Versailles, where he could bring visitors to admire the abundant produce, the site chosen was unpromising marshland, known as l’étang puant, or the stinking pond. Five years of work and perhaps a million francs later, the plot had been drained and new fertile soil brought in by means of an ingenious machine from the nearby Satory hills.

Potager du Roi 9

Master architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart constructed imposing walls and terraces on the site. Then royal gardener Jean-Baptiste La Quintinie laid out the potager in a classically geometric pattern, with a grand circular fountain surrounded by 16 square vegetable beds. Arranged around this central area were 29 separate fruit tree gardens. A gilded gate provided access directly from the palace gardens.

Potager du Roi 2The royal gardeners experimented with new varieties of fruit and vegetables, and the latest flavours were much discussed at court. In 1696, Mme de Sévigné was to write that “the craze for peas shows no sign of abating; the impatience to eat them, the pleasure of having eaten them, and the joy of eating them again; for the last four days these have been our princes’ only topics of conversation.”Potager du Roi 8

Presided over by the eighteenth century Saint Louis cathedral, the garden is today part of the National School of Landscape Architecture, and remains recognisably the potager created for the Sun King.

Potager du Roi 1Last weekend was a celebration of the Saveurs du Potager (“Flavours of the Kitchen Garden”), with guided tours, tasting games for children, stalls selling fruit and vegetables from the gardens and artisanal produce, and displays of traditional juice pressing and bee-keeping.

Potager du Roi 3

Potager du Roi 4The gardens are lovely, with some 5000 trained pear and apple trees providing beautiful divisions between the various sections.

There were late summer perennials in full flower, a fun maze made of sweetcorn and sunflowers for the kids, and much evidence of a respect for wildlife, from this lovely insect house to a sign explaining that a path was closed off because of the presence of a solitary bee colony.

Potager du Roi 5

Be warned that the potager is not primped and perfect like the one at Villandry: there is evidence of work-in-progress by the students who today get to practise in the plots; some of the areas were uncultivated or rather untidy; while fat geese honked and charged around rather appealingly in one space at the back. But it was still a good place to visit on a warm October day, and a chance to mark the end of summer harvests and the arrival of chill autumn.

Potager du Roi 6

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Festival des jardins

Festival des jardins

Every summer, Chaumont-sur-Loire hosts a garden festival, and this year we have finally managed to visit. It takes place in the grounds of the splendid fairytale château at Chaumont, all chubby turreted towers and wooden drawbridges. The building rears up into view from time to time, a wonderfully enduring, medieval presence among the transient modern gardens of the festival.

The theme for 2010 is “corps et âme” (body and soul), which has been interpreted widely by the thirty or so participants to include sensory designs, plantings of herbs and other medicinal plants, and gardens designed for relaxation, contemplation or just plain fun. Landscape architects of course are well represented among the designers, but other gardens were produced by graphic artists, photographers, dancers, philosophers, even dentists!

This is not the Chelsea Flower Show: there is none of that absurd primping and preening for a single moment of glory. Instead the Chaumont show gardens have to last from April to October and so have a more relaxed, natural feel, with the plants flowering seasonally, and occasional signs of wear and tear visible on paths and lawns.

Of course some designs work better than others. My least favourite was a garden (from a design team led by Didier Courant) with a surfeit of bright pink poles, distorting mirrors and an unfortunate smell of rotten cabbage. Some are rather ordinary. Many, however, have charming features or novel ideas, from chairs that seem to float on water (in a garden by Christophe Marchalot and Félicia Fortuna)…

Floating chairs

and a Japanese-inspired retreat by Juliette Berny, Fanny Cassat and Renaud Le Creff, with simple strips of slate sloping into a pool…

Palm of my Hand

…to a labyrinth by Anne and Patrick Poirier, inspired by a 16th century plan found at the château, but made contemporary by the use of vines and multi-coloured supports.


The best designs were lovely – distinctive, inspiring and memorable. My favourite (from Olivier Hostiou, Marie Forêt and Laurent Weiss, and apparently inspired by the idea of a return to the womb) was explored along a circular path sheltered by a mass of tall willow canes, curving overhead. On reaching the centre you suddenly found yourself in a bright, enclosed, round space, the willows now curving dramatically away. It was filled by an abundance of scented chamomile, with wicker seats laid low among the flowers.

Earth Mother

Earth mother

Given this year’s theme, the gardens were sensuous, encouraging visitors to listen and feel and smell. One asked us to remove our shoes to experience the differing textures underfoot; another actively encouraged us to rub the leaves of the plants and enjoy their fragrance; a third was full of bird song. One (designed by choreographer Benjamin Millepied) produced more laughter than I have ever heard in a show garden, through a simple pair of stepping stone paths to be followed by two people holding hands, who were required to balance and stretch and almost topple as they wove their way along.

Chaumont is a highly successfully event, showcasing conceptual designs and attracting some 150,000 visitors each summer. Next year the château will host its twentieth annual garden festival, with designs on the theme of “the happy art of biodiversity” already being invited. It is a shame that the Chaumont-inspired Festival of the Garden at Westonbirt in the UK proved so short-lived and has, since 2005, been seeking a new home. Perhaps that says something about the attitude of us Brits to contemporary garden design…

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jardins JardinThis weekend is the annual garden festival, Jardins, Jardin aux Tuileries, which takes place in a corner of Le Nôtre’s magnificent park in the middle of Paris.

It is tiny compared to many British garden shows – I strolled round it today in about an hour – but the setting is charming under the shade of the immense horse chestnuts, and there are worse ways to spend a scorching hot Saturday afternoon.

The display gardens are generally small, designed for the terraces and balconies that are all the green space most Parisians can hope for.

Among my favourites was a prettily planted terrace by Opus Paysage. All lilac flowers and small-leaved plants, it used individual specimens tucked in together, rather than the currently fashionable large swathes of single species, but still worked well and looked lovely.

There was also a jolly (if unrealistic) little roof terrace by Truffaut, packed with foxgloves and tomatoes.

Opus PaysageTruffaut

The best of the more obviously “designer” gardens in my view was by Christian Fournet, laid out in a modernist grid, with some striking grass loungers and bizarre fuchsia-stemmed trees.

Christian Fournet

Less successful was English designer Jinny Blom‘s garden for Laurent Perrier. It was a simple layout of grass, salvia and sculptures apparently representing seeds bursting open. In concept (and indeed in my photograph), it may seem intriguing and structural, but in reality I thought it odd and rather dull.

Jinny Blom

One of the joys of a show like this is the stands selling stuff. Here there were pots of two-metre tall climbing roses, scented herbs, books, prints, and some lovely second-hand garden ornaments from La Brocante Anglaise.

Climbing rosesLa Brocante Anglaise

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St Jean de BeauregardToday is the first day of the Chelsea Flower Show and each year we become rather wistful, thinking about the wonderful show gardens, and indeed about our own little plot back in England. The French don’t really have an equivalent to Chelsea. But many chateaux run fine plant shows, like the well-known Journée des Plantes at Courson, and the equally lovely Fêtes des Plantes at the Domaine Saint-Jean de Beauregard. We were there last autumn, admiring the many heirloom vegetable plants, the variety of herbs on offer and the beautifully presented perennials. One stand offered 23 different varieties of echinacea.

There is also a fine seventeenth-century potager, apparently tended by a single gardener, which is beautiful in autumn’s gold and russet tones. The next fête runs from 24th to 26th September.

St Jean de Beauregard

St Jean de Beauregard

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